Barcelona Facts & Figures

Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain and one of the most important ports on the Mediterranean sea. It is the capital of the autonomous community Catalonia, and has approximately 1.7 million inhabitants in the city, and 5 million in the Barcelona province.

Jump to: Geography | People | Art & Culture | Best time to visit | Short history | Language | Weather & climate |Top festivities & events | Barcelona districts | Fun facts


The city and province of Barcelona are located in the Catalonia (cat: Catalunya, es: Cataluña) Autonomous Community, in North-Eastern Spain. The city is bordered by the Mediterranean sea to the South-east and the Collserola range to the Northwest. The rivers Besós and Llobregat flank the city on the north and south respectively.


Face of Barcelona sculpture by Roy Lichtenstein
Face of Barcelona sculpture by Roy Lichtenstein


1,604,555 in the city (5,375,774 in the metropolitan area.)


Barcelonian, Barcelonan / barceloní-ina (cat) / barcelonés-esa (es)


Most of the inhabitants state they are Roman Catholic (208 churches).

In a 2011 survey conducted by InfoCatólica, 49.5% of Barcelona residents of all ages identified themselves as Catholic. This was the first time that more than half of respondents did not identify themselves as Catholic. The numbers reflect a broader trend in Spain whereby the numbers of self-identified Catholics have declined.

The province has the largest Muslim community in Spain, 322,698 people in Barcelona province are of Muslim faith. The city also has the largest Jewish community in Spain, with an estimated 3,500 Jews living in the city.

Art & Culture

Juan Miro Mosaic at La Rambla Barcelona
Mosaic by Joan Miro at La Rambla street

Barcelona is one of Europe’s most artistic cities and one of the top incubators of modern art and culture. It was home to some of the most famous artists of the 20th century, and their legacy is still visible in the city. Picasso, Miró, Dalí, Gaudí and Calatrava, and many others before and after them got inspired in Barcelona, and in turn left their own art as inspiration to others.

Best time to visit Barcelona

The best time to visit Barcelona is April – June and September – October. In July and August the city can get very hot and overcrowded by tourists from the neighbouring sea resorts.

Short History

… Notice: This section is still under construction …

The city’s rich history dates to pre-Roman times, though the data from this period is very scarce. During the Roman era, the city was named Barcino and it was an important port at the Iberian peninsula.

During medieval times, Barcelona was a significant port city in the Kingdom of Aragon. A significant legacy from the medieval and renaissance period can be observed at the Barri Gotic (Gothic Quarter) in the heart of Barcelona.

In the early 18th century, the city started rapidly spreading outside of the medieval walls, and new neighbourhoods like Barceloneta were born.


The official and most commonly spoken language in Barcelona is Castellano (Spanish) , followed by Catalan which is also official. English is commonly spoken, especially in the touristy areas and among younger population.

Weather & climate

Barcelona average temperatures and precipitation
Barcelona average temperatures and precipitation, via Wikipedia

Barcelona has a subtropical climate bordering a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers. Thanks to its location on the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula, Atlantic west winds often arrive in Barcelona with low humidity, producing no rain. The proximity of the Atlantic, its latitude, and the relief, are the reasons why the summers are not as dry as in most other Mediterranean Basin locations.

Weather report for the next couple of days

Periods of rain. High near 10C. Winds NW at 25 to 40 km/h. Chance of rain 100%. Rainfall possibly over 25mm. Locally heavy rainfall possible.
High 9° / Low 8°
Partly Cloudy
Cloudy skies early, followed by partial clearing. High 14C. NNW winds shifting to ESE at 15 to 25 km/h.
High 14° / Low 7°
Partly Cloudy
Sunshine and clouds mixed. High 17C. NW winds shifting to SW at 15 to 25 km/h.
High 17° / Low 6°
Generally sunny. High 16C. NW winds shifting to SW at 15 to 30 km/h.
High 17° / Low 7°

More weather info here.

Top festivities & events

Barcelona districts

Since 1987, the city has been divided into 10 administrative districts (districtes in Catalan, distritos in Spanish):

The districts are based mostly on historical divisions, and several are former towns annexed by the city of Barcelona in the 18th and 19th centuries that still maintain their own distinct character. Each district has its own council led by a city councillor.

Fun facts

Part of Fun facts from: Traveling with the Jones