Barcelona Facts & Figures

Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain and one of the most important ports on the Mediterranean sea. It is the capital of the autonomous community Catalonia, and has approximately 1.7 million inhabitants in the city, and 5 million in the Barcelona province.

Jump to: Geography | People | Art & Culture | Best time to visit | Short history | Language | Weather & climate |Top festivities & events | Barcelona districts | Fun facts

Geography

The city and province of Barcelona are located in the Catalonia (cat: Catalunya, es: Cataluña) Autonomous Community, in North-Eastern Spain. The city is bordered by the Mediterranean sea to the South-east and the Collserola range to the Northwest. The rivers Besós and Llobregat flank the city on the north and south respectively.

People

Face of Barcelona sculpture by Roy Lichtenstein
Face of Barcelona sculpture by Roy Lichtenstein

Population

1,604,555 in the city (5,375,774 in the metropolitan area.)

Denomination

Barcelonian, Barcelonan / barceloní-ina (cat) / barcelonés-esa (es)

Religion

Most of the inhabitants state they are Roman Catholic (208 churches).

In a 2011 survey conducted by InfoCatólica, 49.5% of Barcelona residents of all ages identified themselves as Catholic. This was the first time that more than half of respondents did not identify themselves as Catholic. The numbers reflect a broader trend in Spain whereby the numbers of self-identified Catholics have declined.

The province has the largest Muslim community in Spain, 322,698 people in Barcelona province are of Muslim faith. The city also has the largest Jewish community in Spain, with an estimated 3,500 Jews living in the city.

Art & Culture

Juan Miro Mosaic at La Rambla Barcelona
Mosaic by Joan Miro at La Rambla street

Barcelona is one of Europe’s most artistic cities and one of the top incubators of modern art and culture. It was home to some of the most famous artists of the 20th century, and their legacy is still visible in the city. Picasso, Miró, Dalí, Gaudí and Calatrava, and many others before and after them got inspired in Barcelona, and in turn left their own art as inspiration to others.

Best time to visit Barcelona

The best time to visit Barcelona is April – June and September – October. In July and August the city can get very hot and overcrowded by tourists from the neighbouring sea resorts.

Short History

… Notice: This section is still under construction …

The city’s rich history dates to pre-Roman times, though the data from this period is very scarce. During the Roman era, the city was named Barcino and it was an important port at the Iberian peninsula.

During medieval times, Barcelona was a significant port city in the Kingdom of Aragon. A significant legacy from the medieval and renaissance period can be observed at the Barri Gotic (Gothic Quarter) in the heart of Barcelona.

In the early 18th century, the city started rapidly spreading outside of the medieval walls, and new neighbourhoods like Barceloneta were born.

Language

The official and most commonly spoken language in Barcelona is Castellano (Spanish) , followed by Catalan which is also official. English is commonly spoken, especially in the touristy areas and among younger population.

Weather & climate

Barcelona average temperatures and precipitation
Barcelona average temperatures and precipitation, via Wikipedia

Barcelona has a subtropical climate bordering a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers. Thanks to its location on the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula, Atlantic west winds often arrive in Barcelona with low humidity, producing no rain. The proximity of the Atlantic, its latitude, and the relief, are the reasons why the summers are not as dry as in most other Mediterranean Basin locations.

Weather report for the next couple of days

Rain
Today
07/25
A steady rain this morning. Showers continuing this afternoon. High around 25C. WNW winds shifting to S at 15 to 30 km/h. Chance of rain 80%. Rainfall near 6mm.
High 24° / Low 21°
Chance of Rain
Tomorrow
07/26
Showers in the morning, then partly cloudy in the afternoon. High 26C. ENE winds shifting to S at 15 to 25 km/h. Chance of rain 40%.
High 26° / Low 21°
Partly Cloudy
Thursday
07/27
Some clouds in the morning will give way to mainly sunny skies for the afternoon. High 29C. NNE winds shifting to S at 15 to 30 km/h.
High 29° / Low 22°
Clear
Friday
07/28
Some clouds in the morning will give way to mainly sunny skies for the afternoon. High 28C. NE winds shifting to SSE at 15 to 25 km/h.
High 28° / Low 22°

More weather info here.

Top festivities & events

Barcelona districts

Since 1987, the city has been divided into 10 administrative districts (districtes in Catalan, distritos in Spanish):

The districts are based mostly on historical divisions, and several are former towns annexed by the city of Barcelona in the 18th and 19th centuries that still maintain their own distinct character. Each district has its own council led by a city councillor.

Fun facts

Part of Fun facts from: Traveling with the Jones